Fourth, the community has become more cynical of government through excessive
centralization of administration. Decentralization of government invites more
participation in the political process. It will improve the understanding and working
of the machinery of government. Many of today’s social problems are likely to be
better solved at the local level. For example issues in primary and secondary
education, health and social security programmes.
On the basis of democratic values alone, therefore, we should not allow
the elitists to talk us out of federalism. Its greater opportunities for
popular participation are a major political end in themselves. They foster
a sense of responsibility and self reliance. They lead to better-informed
public debate. And as Lord Acton said, they “provide against the servility
which flourishes under the shadow of a single authority”.